- White to pale yellow crystalline powder
- Taste acerbity and puckery, with hygroscopicity
- Soluble in water, ethanol, insoluble in ether, chloroform
- Pigs: To improve pork flavor and lean meat color.
- Chickens: It can promote protein synthesis and fat breakdown, increasing the rate of chicken chest muscle and reducing rate of abdominal fat; in addition, through neuro-endocrine regulation, serum levels of GH and GH1 increase, thus contributing to rapid growth of broiler chickens.
- Fish: It makes fish serum T3 and insulins secretion increased, and through the activities of the neuroendocrine regulation of metabolism, increase body nitrogen storage to stay.
- Poultry for laying eggs: By the ratio of 1:1.0 - 1.2 replacement of methionine, that is, betanine as 1, ethionine as 1.0 - 1.2.
- Pigs: add 1 - 2 kg per ton of complete feed.
- Fish:add 2 - 3 kg per ton of complete feed.
- Rabbit: add 1 - 2 kg per ton of complete feed.
- Chickens for meat: 0.5 - 1 kg per ton of complete feed.